This new type of assault consists of robbing the victims when they are in the process of opening or closing the gate of their houses from their vehicle, which is stolen by armed force.

By Juan Pablo Reed Addison Smith *

For three years, the term 'portonazo' was introduced in the language of the authorities and of Chilean society to typify a crime that, far from being controlled, has been increasing; only between January and May of this year, 727 cases were recorded, which significantly exceeds the 491 of 2017, and even the 636 of 2016, when this phenomenon began to be measured.

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This new type of assault consists of robbing the victims when they are in the process of opening or closing the gate of their houses from their vehicle, which is stolen by armed force. Precisely, according to the latest National Urban Citizen Security Survey, the attempt to steal vehicles went from 2,2% in 2015 to 3,3% last year.

Although there have been efforts by the Government and the Carabineros of Chile to mitigate this situation, it has not yet been possible to control a phenomenon that can occur in any part of the country. In Santiago alone, this crime has migrated to different communes where until now it appeared in an isolated manner. The only thing these entities have done is to track bands grouped by this modality; however, those who act separately leave the authorities with their hands tied to prevent this type of crime.

Systematic actions
One of the actions that the common citizen should adopt is to automate everything related to access control: from gates to bars, as long as they do not have to descend from the car in which they are transported. And even if faced with an armed assault there is very little that can be done, due to exposure to being shot through glass, a preventive measure is to have a video surveillance system for the subsequent identification and tracking of criminals.

This system allows tracking the assailants once committed these crimes and track where they are escaping or walking more frequently. This is how, through the security cameras installed by the municipality, the operator of the video surveillance system has managed to determine that there is a vehicle that normally goes through the sector and does not tend to be from the address. In this way, the alarms are activated and the police are called, who on several occasions have been able to arrest several criminals before committing the crimes.

To support this work, the company Hanwha Techwin has the X Series, which includes cameras with internal analytics through the installation of software from a partner company to do face recognition. Likewise, it is possible to carry out a patent plate reading in order to determine if the vehicle that is suspiciously circling in the sector is charged with theft or not.

The illicit happened, and in case this happened at night, these cameras have infrared (IR) technology of 50 meters that work with zero light. Likewise, there are cameras capable of directional remote control and zoom (PTZ for its acronym in English). These manage to take up to 350 meters away, thanks to an intelligent IR; As the zoom of the camera advances, the IR increases its power.

Finally, these teams have auto tracking. This means that, once a criterion is detected from the configuration of the camera, it follows it automatically and does not lose it until it stops having an angle of view.
The devices are available, there is a lack of coordination between the circuits of the national police and the municipality. Therefore, a great alternative is to develop a smart city technology that integrates both these systems and those of individuals and can be interconnected under a large system that strongly combat this type of crime.

But in turn, the use of this technology would allow the municipality to attack phenomena such as traffic congestion in sectors such as downtown Santiago. Through cameras with Fisheye lens (fish eye), from the P line, heat maps could be generated to quantify the vehicles that converge there and help to promote ecological transport that favors the mobility of public transport and bicycles. That is part of the functional life of an intelligent system.

* Juan Pablo Reed Addison Smith is Sales Director for the Southern Cone of Hanwha Techwin Latin America.

Author: Duván Chaverra

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